SQL Server Monitoring – Index Usage

Updated August 29, 2021.


To get a baseline of the index usage and to see how the usage changes when indexes are added or modified.


This feature queries the DMV sys.dm_index_usage_stats which returns counts of different types of index operations and the time each type of operation was last performed.


The report page Index Usage has a line chart showing the number of User lookups, User scans, User seeks and User updates plus a table showing the detailed data.

The x-axis for the charts is at the lowest granularity which by default is 4 hours interval.

The report has 4 buttons to select the level where the tooltips are showing data. For this feature Database, Schema, Object and Index can be selected.

When hovering over the chart a tooltip is showing detailed insight by showing the top 5 databases, schemas, objects or indexes (depending on the tooltip button selections) with regards of user lookups, user scans, user seeks and user updates. The top 5 ranking is based on the sum of the 4 operations.



The model for the report uses the fact [Index usage] and the dimensions [Date] and [Index].

The fact view [Index usage] in the database contains all values from the DMV, but as good practice dictates it, it is only the values used that are loaded into Power BI report.


The feature accept the parameter @Databases and the syntax is the same that is used in the SQL Server Index and Statistics Management solution made by Ola Hallengren.

The default parameter for the feature is @Databases = ‘USER_DATABASES, msdb'”

SYSTEM_DATABASESAll system databases (master, msdb, model, and tempdb)
USER_DATABASESAll user databases
ALL_DATABASESAll databases
Db1The database Db1
Db1, Db2The databases Db1 and Db2
USER_DATABASES, -Db1All user databases, except Db1
%Db%All databases that have “Db” in the name
%Db%, -Db1All databases that have “Db” in the name, except Db1
ALL_DATABASES, -%Db%All databases that do not have “Db” in the name


The default schedule for the feature is every 4 hours between 06:00 and 24:00


The default retention for the table dbo.fhsmIndexUsage is 90 days.